NEET Exam: Understanding the Syllabus and Exam Pattern

NEET Exam Understanding the Syllabus and Exam Pattern

India's national medical entrance exam is called the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers it for entry into undergraduate medical and dental programmes nationwide. In 2013, NEET took the place of a number of state-level medical entrance tests, and since then, it has grown in popularity.

There are 180 physics, chemistry, and biology multiple-choice questions in the NEET exam 2023, which is administered offline. It takes three hours to complete the exam. The exam is conducted in a number of languages, including English, Hindi, and other regional tongues. The NEET eligibility requirements include a minimum age requirement of 17 years and an upper age limit of 25 years (30 years for candidates from restricted categories). As a result of the exam intense competition, more than 15 lakh students apply every year.

Aspirants in India who aspire to become doctors or dentists must write the NEET exam. It is a demanding exam that necessitates much study and practise. An excellent NEET score increases your chances of getting into some of India's best medical and dentistry schools. The importance of the NEET exam is anticipated to rise in the upcoming years as a result of its rising popularity among students.

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For students hoping to study medicine or dentistry in India, the NEET exam is extremely important. Students from all over the nation compete on the exam for admission to prestigious medical schools. With a high NEET score, students have the possibility to get admitted to some of India's most esteemed medical schools and receive top-notch instruction and training in their chosen profession.

Also Read: Best Strategy to Crack Medical Entrance Exam 2023

NEET is essential in establishing a consistent and fair admissions procedure for medical programmes. NEET has introduced uniformity and openness to the selection process by taking the place of numerous state-level medical admission exams, allowing worthy candidates from all over India to pursue their aspirations of becoming physicians or dentists.

Exam Name

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)

Conducting Body

National Testing Agency (NTA)

Exam Level


Courses Offered

MBBS, BDS, and other undergraduate medical courses

Mode of Exam

Offline (pen-and-paper)

Number of Questions

180 (45 each from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology)

Exam Duration

3 hours

Language Options

English, Hindi, and regional languages


Minimum age of 17 years, Maximum age of 25 years

Application Process

Online through the official NEET website

Exam Frequency

Once a year (usually in May)

Number of Test Takers

Over 15 lakh (1.5 million) every year

Exam Importance

Critical for admission to top medical colleges in India


Students who want to study well for the exam must be aware of the NEET exam pattern. Students can create a study plan and concentrate their efforts on topics that need greater attention if they have a good understanding of the exam structure. knowing the distribution of questions and the marking scheme might assist students better manage their time during the exam.

Also Read: The Ultimate NEET Exam Study Guide: Everything You Need to Know

NTA has essentially established a uniform and fair evaluation method for all students is the NEET exam pattern. Every student is judged according to the same standards thanks to the tight marking guidelines and multiple-choice question structure. Thus, meritorious students from various backgrounds can compete for admission to the university in a fair and transparent selection procedure.

Exam Name

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)

Number of Questions

180 (45 each from Physics, Chemistry, Biology)

Exam Duration

3 hours

Mode of Exam

Offline (pen-and-paper)

Question Type

Multiple-choice questions (MCQs)

Marking Scheme

+4 for every correct answer


-1 for every incorrect answer


0 for unanswered questions

Language Options

English, Hindi, and regional languages


Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany & Zoology)

Distribution of Questions

Physics – 45 questions


Chemistry – 45 questions


Biology – 90 questions (Botany – 45, Zoology – 45)

Total Marks



Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are the three core sciences covered in the NEET syllabus. The following topics are addressed in each of these courses:


Physical World and Measurement


Laws of Motion

Work, Energy, and Power

Motion of Systems of Particles and Rigid Body


Properties of Bulk Matter


Behavior of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

Oscillations and Waves


Current Electricity

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic Waves


Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Atoms and Nuclei

Electronic Devices


Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Structure of Atom

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

States of Matter: Gases and Liquids



Redox Reactions


s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)

Some p-Block Elements

Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques


Environmental Chemistry


Diversity in Living World

Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Cell Structure and Function

Plant Physiology

Human Physiology


Genetics and Evolution

Biology and Human Welfare

Biotechnology and Its Applications

Ecology and Environment

Also Read: How to Practice Mock tests for NEET and JEE

The NEET syllabus is based on the NCERT curriculum for classes 11 and 12. It is extensive and covers a wide range of topics, the exam demands students to prepare thoroughly and systematically. Understanding the NEET syllabus is crucial for students who wish to excel in the exam and secure admission to the best medical colleges in India.


Aspirants planning to pursue careers in medicine or dentistry, obviously it is crucial to take the NEET exam's syllabus and structure into account while creating a study schedule. Candidates can make sure they are covering all the required material and have a firm grasp of the exam pattern by doing this. 

The curriculum covers a wide range of topics and necessitates a firm understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, and physics. 

Candidates must have a complete comprehension of the content in order to perform well in the NEET exam. They must concentrate on laying a solid foundation in each subject, practice often, and use time management techniques throughout the exam. Students can effectively traverse the NEET with committed preparation and a smart strategy.

Also Read: Top 10 Tips and Tricks to Crack NEET Exam


Q1. Why is it crucial for candidates to be aware of the NEET 2023 syllabus?

Ans. Those who want to study medicine need to become familiar with the NEET 2023 exam's syllabus in order to do well on it. Candidates can make sure they have all the knowledge and abilities they need to perform well on the test by doing this. 

Q2. What subjects are included by the NEET 2023 syllabus?

Ans. For the convenience of the students, the NEET syllabus divides each subject into classes 11 and 12 for each.

Q3. Do students need to study from the 11th and 12th-grade textbooks for the NEET 2023 exam?

Ans. It is unquestionably essential for aspirants to adequately study for the NEET 2023 exam. Finally they should make use of the PCB syllabus in addition to the textbooks for classes 11 and 12. Candidates can make sure they have all the knowledge and abilities they need to ace the exam by doing this.

Q4. Has NTA made the updated NEET 2023 syllabus available?

Ans. No, the NTA has not yet published the NEET 2023 updated syllabus.